Introducing the Music Therapy Visual Schedule Approach (MT-ViSA): Contexts and considerations for visual design and production


  • Allison M. Fuller Western Sydney University & MusicConnect, Australia



music therapy, augmentative and alternative communication, visual schedules, visual timetables, visual supports, visual design


Visual schedules have been used with different population groups within music therapy practice, mostly with people on the autism spectrum, however there is a paucity of focused literature on the use of these tools in the field. Drawing on a range of diverse information sources (e.g. literature, research data, practice experience), the Music Therapy Visual Schedule Approach (MT-ViSA) was developed. The MT-ViSA is a co-design approach to using visual schedules within music therapy practice. This article introduces the MT-ViSA and poses detailed questions under the four components of assessing, planning, delivering and evaluating; and visual design and production considerations for music therapists utilising a visual schedule within their work. This article suggests that a visual schedule may be of benefit to music therapy participants with different needs across the lifespan. It is anticipated that the outputs from this research will contribute to the evidence-base and practice approach of utilising visual schedules within music therapy service delivery.

Author Biography

Allison M. Fuller, Western Sydney University & MusicConnect, Australia

Allison M. Fuller MA (MusThy), RMT (AMTA), NMT Fellow (ANMT), PhD Candidate (WSU), has been a Registered Music Therapist for over 25 years, focusing on children and family-centred practice with children on the autism spectrum, children experiencing hearing loss, families from diverse cultural backgrounds and families with complex needs. Her present roles are as Lecturer, teaching into the Masters of Creative Music Therapy at Western Sydney University, and Director of MusicConnect, a music therapy service provider for families with complex needs. In addition, Al is a current PhD candidate at Western Sydney University where she is completing her doctorate in the use of visual supports within music therapy practice across face-to-face and telehealth platforms []